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Afghanistan’s Trade Shifts from Karachi to Indian Funded Chabahar Port

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Over 80% of Afghanistan’s cargo traffic has shifted from the Karachi seaport to Abbas & Chabahar Port in Iran. The move comes as a response to the new trade tariffs introduced by Pakistan and the inauguration of the Chabahar Port. Barely 100 km from China funded Gwadar port, the Chabahar Port is expected to greatly impact the role Pakistan played in trade transit for Afghanistan.

Read More Asian News at EurAsian Times: China Plans to Create a Military Base in Pakistan at Gwadar Port: US Media

Being Iran’s closest sea link to the Indian Ocean, Chabahar port is expected to see a more strategic inflow of trade from Afghanistan. Sponsored jointly by India, Afghanistan, and Iran, the Chabahar port is likely to see a transit of goods worth USD 5 billion from Afghanistan. The freedom of Afghan from dependence on Pakistan for the transit of trade goods was announced by the Afghan Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah last November.

India Offered Incentives To Afghan Traders At Chabahar Port

Over the last one year, constant border shutdowns and military standoffs have resulted in a USD 2 billion slip in trade from Afghanistan. The trade has slipped from USD 2.5 billion in 2016 to USD 500 million in the current fiscal year. PAJCCI director Zia Ul Haq Sarhadi said the leadership of Pakistan and Afghanistan must not use bilateral trade to settle disputes.

Must Read at EurAsian Times: Chinese Military Base: Is China Building a Military Base in Afghanistan

He added that the decline in trade is a result the rising tension across the borders. He further said that the shift of trade to Chabahar port is due to the incentives offered by India to the Afghan traders. Sarhadi revealed that the opening of an aerial route between Mumbai and Kabul further helped strengthen the ties with the first flight on the route carrying 40 tons of dried fruits, fresh fruits, and medicinal herbs to India.

Read More Asian News at EurAsian Times: Why is the Bangladeshi Media so Worried by the BJP?

The Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) said that the Pakistan economy has suffered a major hit following the reduction of USD 2 billion in trade from Afghanistan. Between July and November of 2017, Pakistan’s trade deficit increased to USD 15.03 billion.

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US Troops Withdraw From Five Bases in Afghanistan As Part Of Peace Deal With Taliban – Officials

The US has withdrawn from five military bases in Afghanistan. Afghan media outlet Tolo reported the five U.S. bases that closed are located in Helmand, Uruzgan, Paktika and Laghman provinces, in southern and eastern Afghanistan. 

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The US has closed five military bases in Afghanistan as part of an agreement with the Taliban, a Pentagon official said Tuesday. The official, who wanted to remain anonymous, confirmed the bases were in Helmand, Uruzgan, Paktika and Laghman provinces.

According to the deal, the US had 135 days to fulfil its pledge to reduce troops to 8,600 from nearly 14,000 in the conflict-hit country, which ended Monday.

The agreement was signed Feb. 29 and is aimed at reducing violence in hopes of fostering bilateral talks between the Afghan government and the extremist group to end the war-torn nation’s 18-year conflict.

The Taliban agreed not to allow al-Qaeda, Daesh or any other militant group to operate in areas they control, as part of the pact.

“The U.S. has worked hard to carry out the 1st phase of its commitments under the Agreement, including to reduce forces & depart five bases. NATO troops have come down in proportional numbers,” Khalilzad said on Twitter.

Afghan media outlet Tolo News reported the five U.S. bases that closed are located in Helmand, Uruzgan, Paktika and Laghman provinces, in southern and eastern Afghanistan. The larger U.S. bases in Bagram, located outside Kabul, and Kandahar Air Field in southern Afghanistan remain open.

Despite the reduction in U.S. soldiers as part of the pact, violence between the Taliban and Afghan forces has spiked in recent months, according to the Afghan government.

Earlier, as EurAsian Times reported, US President Donald Trump has reiterated his resolve to “bring our soldiers back home” from Afghanistan, publicly questioning the purpose of the U.S. military presence in the war-torn region of Afghanistan.

Donald Trump reemphasised his objective amid reports that the ongoing U.S. troop withdrawal from Afghanistan “is well ahead of schedule” outlined in a historical pact signed between the US and Taliban to end the nearly 19-year-old war.

“We are acting as a police force, not the fighting force that we are, in Afghanistan,” Trump tweeted Wednesday. After 19 years, it was time for Afghan authorities to police their own country, he wrote.

Under the U.S.-Taliban pact, Washington had promised to reduce its military strength in Afghanistan from about 13,000 to 8,600 by mid-July before withdrawing all soldiers, along with several thousand partners in a NATO-led non-combatant mission by mid-2021.

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Pakistan Affirms Full Support To Turkey On The Eve Of Defeated Coup In Ankara

Pakistan, he added, “stands by Turkey and has been taking all possible steps to support Turkey’s efforts to address the threat posed by Fethullah Gulen Terrorist Organization (FETO),” the group behind the defeated coup.

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Pakistani PM Imran Khan has reaffirmed his country’s support and solidarity for Turkey on the eve of the July 15, 2016, defeated coup. Pakistan and Turkey share a historical bond and both nations are viewed as ‘iron brothers’. 

“Four years ago the Turkish people displayed their characteristic resilience and legendary bravery to defy the forces of darkness targeting Turkey’s peace and stability as well as its democratic institutions,” Imran Khan said in his message for Democracy and National Unity Day, a public holiday in Turkey.

“The saga of human courage and determination witnessed on July 15, 2016 was indeed an inspiration for millions across the globe and will be remembered in the annals of history.”

Drawing parallels with Khilafat Movement, Khan said the spirit of Turks on that day was similar to what “motivated our forefathers not to hesitate from making any sacrifice for their Turkish brethren a century ago.”

In 1918, South Asian Muslims struggled to save the Ottoman Empire from falling.

“We join the people of Turkey in honouring the martyrs and supporting their families,” the Pakistani premier said.

Pakistan, he added, “stands by Turkey and has been taking all possible steps to support Turkey’s efforts to address the threat posed by Fethullah Gulen Terrorist Organization (FETO),” the group behind the defeated coup.

The speakers of lower and upper houses of parliament also expressed solidarity in separate statements.

“We always have, and will continue to stand by Turkey in the face of all challenges,” said Senate chairman Sadiq Sanjrani.

Pakistanis stood by Turkey on the night of July 15, 2016, and will continue to do so, said National Assembly speaker Asad Qaiser.

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With China In Mind, India To ‘Urgently’ Acquire Heron Drones, Spike ATGM From Israel

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India plans to acquire for Heron drones and Spike anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) from Israel under the emergency financial powers granted by the government according to reports the ANI.

The Heron unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) are already in the Air Force, Navy, and the Army and are being used extensively at the moment by both Army surveillance and Target acquisition batteries and Air Force in the Ladakh sector.

“There is a need for acquisition of Heron UAVs to add to the existing fleet of these drones for meeting the requirements of our Air Force fleet. We are planning to place orders for these UAVs,” government sources told ANI here without specifying the numbers to be procured.

The forces are also working towards inducting an armed version of the UAV, as well as upgrading the existing fleet into combat UAVs under the ambitious ‘Project Cheetah’ spearheaded by the Indian Air Force.

On the other hand, the Indian Army is planning to acquire additional Spike ATGM (anti-tank guided missiles) which were received by it last year from Israel under the emergency financial powers granted to the services.

Last time, the Indian Army had procured 12 launchers and 200 Spike missiles. “We are planning to acquire more of these anti-tank missiles for tackling any threat from the enemy armoured regiments,” the sources said.

Spike is fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile and anti-personnel missile with a tandem-charge HEAT warhead and is designed by the Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems.

Earlier as EurAsian Times reported, the Indian Army was given the green light to purchase the Israeli ATGMs after the February 2019 military conflict between India and Pakistan following Balakot airstrikes.  The decision to procure the 240 ATGMs and 12 launchers were reportedly made during the five-day biannual Army Commanders’ Conference in New Delhi, according to IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly.

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