Attempts to contain China are bound to fail and even backfire, Russian President Vladimir Putin said on Thursday. “Anyone who undertakes such an attempt will sooner or later understand that it is simply impossible, and these people will end up hurting themselves.”
“If we join efforts together to create an atmosphere of cooperation and try to establish a collective security system, that will be beneficial,” he told the audience.
Putin hailed the Russia-China partnership in trade and major projects, space exploration, interconnectivity and defence. Russia and China are cooperating for each other’s interests and not against a third country, he said
Since about 2005, the US developed a covert China containment policy which had two aspects: multi-frontal containment and internal transformation.
Many experts believe that China is more likely to become a counter-weight to the US, who will not allow a new rival to emerge. Many anti-China experts, however, state – “The US has defeated its rivals time and time again in the past. This time it is China’s turn. China will also be defeated by the US.”
But at the end of the day, it boils down to one central question: “Is it necessary to contain China?”
Unlike European powers often rising on the ruins of another, the Chinese nation has stayed away from hegemony despite its economic preponderance for millenniums.
In traditional Chinese culture, the quest for harmony – or at times only a simple appearance of harmony – is constant: it refers to a balanced relationship between Men and Society, between Mankind and Nature and among Men. A Chinese person will consequently feel embarrassed to refuse something bluntly because he/she does not want to risk losing face with vis-à-vis or breaking a “harmonious” ambience, albeit the latter is only a thin surface.
The Western world uses a number of ways to resolve problems, but most of them are bipolar and allow for confrontation, differing interests or points of view.
Westerners are not necessarily aware of what they have in common because there are degrees of nuance between a “cards on the table” confrontation, close to physical assault and a well-conducted negotiation.
The Chinese race, by the great majority, is the Han ethnic group. Han ancestors are the agricultural tribes emerging from central and eastern Asia and enjoyed the abundance of land and rich resources. Because of this self-sufficiency and availability of unlimited resource, the Han ethnics were very contented and never needed to invade or conquer.
On the contrary, nomads often invaded the Hans from all other directions greedy for their richness, forcing the ancient Han ethnics into self-defence battles against invasion.
Ever since 1840, China was the victim of foreign invasion by Western powers and Japan (the First opium War, the Second Opium War, the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression in World War II) rather than being a belligerent hegemon.
In fact, China has always been a peace-loving nation. The best proof may be the invention and use of gunpowder. As early as in the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907), there was written gunpowder formula recorded in the book “Tai Shang Sheng Zu Jin Dan Secret”. Chinese ancients invented gunpowder by chance in the pursuit of immortality.
Ironically, it is the West that used gunpowder as a weapon against the Chinese who discovered that thousands of years ago but had never thought to use it to hurt people. The East used gunpowder to further develop fireworks whereas the West used gunpowder to make weapons.
From the outset of the trade dispute with the US, China has taken a passive and defensive attitude throughout.
According to the white paper entitled “China’s Peaceful Development” issued by the Information Office of the State Council of China in September 2011, China regards itself as a member of the international community and aims at building of a harmonious world of durable peace and common prosperity and work with other countries on international relations and foreign policies.
For instance, China respects the right of the people of other countries to independently choose their own social system and path of development, and does not interfere in other countries’ internal affairs. In 2015, President Xi Jinping reiterated the message that “No matter how strong its economy grows, China will never seek hegemony, expansion or sphere of influence.” The message has been emphasized time and again since then.
The so-called theory of “China Threat” has bedraggled the world long but only to no avail. China has been taking a path of peaceful development upholding national sovereignty and territorial integrity while avoiding the enhancement of national interests through aggression.
Skeptics like Mearsheimer works on suspicion and not facts; they relied on speculation rather than analysis; they had no understanding of the Han ethnic culture but based his conclusion upon belligerent and confrontational Western way of thought.
Via: ChinaDaily and Xinhua News Agency