What are the demerits of Indian Democracy compared to Chinese Political system? Until the 1950s, India’s per capita GDP (gross domestic product) was higher than that of China. Today in 2018, the per capita GDP of China is around $8100 compared to a meagre $1709 of India. Has the Indian democracy failed and what are the limitations of democracy?
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A system of governance – of the people, by the people for the people is how democracy is usually defined. Democracy, as we all know, is a representative form of government in which the people of the nation choose their representatives through elections. Democracy is the best possible form of government a nation can be governed with.
Democracy might seem very bright when a contrasting picture is drawn between democracy and autocracy, but democracy has its own dark sides too. India is the largest democracy of the world and being the largest democracy, the country bears these demerits in ample. Here is a brief insight by EurAsian Times.
Quantity Overshadows Quality in Democracy
Democracy lays emphasis on quantity of representatives rather than their quality. Intellectual ones and the lame ones are all on an equal pedestal. This very demerit standardizes a democracy to a low level. This very feature turns the government a puppet in the hands of the ignorant and non-intellectual. India faces this demerit heavily as most of our politicians even lack the basics of leadership and intellect yet they are such large in number.
Redundant Efficiency in Indian Democracy
Democracy ironically is a compromise to efficiency. Decision making in a democracy is profoundly slow and involves ample discussions. It is important to debate and discuss in a democracy but not when these debates are an instrument to settle political odds and rivalry. Also, the political leaders in a democracy assume a hegemonic ignorance towards the nation and people and do not shy away from resorting to unethical things by the purview of their power.
Corruption in Indian Democracy
Corruption is one of the largest demerits of the Indian democracy. Corruption has hollowed the roots of India and has turned the systems rotten and stale. Privileges and powers are sold and bought in the political arenas. Every department in India breeds corruption and everyone from the lowest point in the ladder to the pinnacle are catalysts to it. Honesty and diligence are found very rarely in this sea of corruption. The new government is expected to face changer to the image of an integrally corrupt nation.
Political Rivalries in Democracy
In a democracy, the political parties often keep their interests much superior to the interests of the nation. They would practically do anything to suit their interests even if that means compromising with the national interests or instigating national debacles. Too many political parties in a nation actually reduce the efficiency of a democracy. These political parties mislead, misguide and misinform the electorate and the nation. Political rivalries very often supersede national interests.
Indian Democracy: An Expensive Form of Government
Democracy is amply expensive to run and maintain. Elections, parliaments, legislative assemblies, are very expensive and the burden has to be paid by the taxpayers. The cost of running the government is exorbitantly high in a democracy with such large quantity of representatives. That is not a big cost to pay if the government is not corrupt and works sincerely, which unfortunately lacks in India.
Indian Democracy vs Chinese Political System
The supremacy of China’s political system is endorsed by the freedoms citizens – and beneficiaries of Chinese investments worldwide which now relish distributed equitably, for the last 30 years. As the World Inequality Report states, Chinese inequality is “reasonable” because China invests in everyone, but Indian inequality is “extreme” because investments are made by them, only for themselves.
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