Saturday, December 10, 2022

Defending ‘World’s Biggest Oil Refinery,’ India Readying A New Air Force Base Just 130 Km From Pakistan Border

Indian PM, Narendra Modi, laid the foundation stone of the new airbase for the Indian Air Force (IAF) in the state of Gujarat near the country’s border with Pakistan.

The new air base is located at Deesa in the Banaskantha northern district of North Gujarat, 130 kilometers from the Indo-Pak border.

The Centre approved the development of the Deesa air base in 2020, and former Defense Minister Nirmala Sitharaman is said to have played an essential role in getting approval for the airbase and the funds.

The IAF acquired the site in 1983, and the service was given in-principle approval for the airbase in 2000 by the government, headed by then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. His government fell before work on the project could begin.

The successive governments stalled the development project, and it was not until 2020 that the Modi government finally decided to revive the project, particularly after the massive floods in Banaskantha in 2017, which put a spotlight on the airbase once again.

During the disaster, the Central government reached out to the IAF to provide relief to affected people. The poor weather made relief operations difficult for the service, highlighting the need for an airbase nearby.

Deesa Air Base Will Protect India’s Industrial Zones In Gujarat

The airbase, which currently only has a 22-kilometer boundary wall and 20 watchtowers, will be developed into a full-fledged air base at an estimated cost of Rs 980 crore ($12M). The development project will take place in two phases.

The first phase will involve the construction of the primary runway, parallel taxiway, loop taxiway, and fighter squadron dispersal area. The technical infrastructure and residential accommodation will be planned in the second phase, according to the IAF officials.

The Engineer in Chief, Lt Gen Harpal Singh, was cited by the Economic Times as saying that the whole air station has been planned to be finished by December 2023. It is expected to become operational by 2024.

Tejas-Singapore
The Indian Air Force Tejas perform at the Singapore Air Show opening ceremony on February 15, 2022.

The Deesa airbase will come under the South Western Air Command (SWAC). Once completed, it will be IAF’s fifth airbase in Gujarat. The service has airbases at Baroda, Jamnagar, Bhuj, and Nalia (Kutch).

Prime Minister Modi highlighted Deesa’s proximity to the Indo-Pak border, saying that now India is better prepared to respond to any misadventure on its western borders.

“The new airfield at Deesa is an achievement with regards to national security and development of the region. The international border is just 130 kilometers away. If our forces, especially the Air Force, are in Deesa, we will be able to respond much better to any challenge on the western border,” Modi said.

“This region will now become an effective center of security of the country,” he added.

The IAF will reportedly deploy its MiG-29 and Tejas aircraft at Deesa Airbase to intercept the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) fighters that could take off from Pakistani air bases in Mirpur Khas, Hyderabad, and Jacobabad to target India’s industrial zones worth over one trillion dollars in and around cities like Ahmedabad, Bhau Nagar and Baroda in Gujarat.

Image
MiG-29

According to Defense Analyst Rahul Bedi, one of the primary reasons for constructing the Deesa air base is to protect the Jamnagar oil refinery owned by Reliance Industries Limited, which is also the world’s largest oil refinery.

Bedi told BBC Urdu that India would be in big trouble if this refinery came under attack, pointing out that Deesa air base is well positioned to protect it.

Deesa will also endanger the Pakistani cities of Hyderabad, Karachi, and Sukkur with the IAF’s deep penetration strike aircraft. It can be used for a retaliatory strike against Pakistan in case of a major terrorist attack in Gujarat or the southwest region.

Overall, the Deesa air base will provide the IAF with a faster offensive capability, as Indian fighters flying at Mach 2.0 can cross the international border in two minutes.

The new airbase will also close a tactical gap between the IAF’s forward air bases at Naliya, Bhuj in Gujarat, and Phalodi in Rajasthan.

Overall, the Deesa air base will help improve surveillance in and around the region.

In 2011, then Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of SWAC, Air Marshal AK Gogoi, stressed the need for better surveillance in Gujarat. “Sir Creek is an area we need to always look at because it’s disputed. The lines are not drawn,” Gogoi told The Indian Express.

Featured News