The new Ebola Outbreak in Africa is raising global concerns. The Ebola virus which is threatening the Democratic Republic of Congo may be almost incurable according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). WHO on Thursday warned that it might turn out to impossible to tackle the new Ebola with vaccination. The new Ebola outbreak has killed 20 people as of now and four new cases have been reported.
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The Ebola virus is spreading fast and according to the World Health Organisation, the outbreak might have started in May this year. The WHO, however, has not yet confirmed the strain of Ebola and suspects that it may be the Sudan, Zaire or Bundibugyo strain.
WHO’s emergency chief Peter Salama said that if it is the Zaire strain then the Merck vaccines used in the last outbreak may be used to fight the new outbreak. He further added that it this is not the Zaire strain then things are going to be really complex.
The Ebola virus disease is transmitted to people from animals and further transmitted from people to people. The average case fatality rate of the Ebola virus as stated by the World Health Organisation is 50%. The case fatality rates in the recent outbreaks of Ebola viruses have varied between 20% and 90%.
The virus was first discovered in 1976 and since then the 2014-2016 outbreak which spread in West Africa was the largest and the most complex of the Ebola outbreaks till date.
The initial stages of symptoms include
1. Fever fatigue
2. Muscle Pain
4. Sore Throat
These symptoms may be followed by diarrhoea, vomiting, troubles of the kidney and liver. In some cases, external and internal bleeding may also be caused by the Ebola fever.
Treatment and Care
Timely supportive care with rehydration and treatment of symptoms of Ebola enhance the chances of survival. Even in the modern day world, there is no licensed treatment to neutralise the Ebola virus. However, a wide range of blood, immunological and drug therapies are being researched upon and developed.
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