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India-China Border Fight – Did Modi-Government Make The Same ‘Three Mistakes’ Like Nehru?

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In deadly India-China border fight, there was a savagery clash between armies of China and India and New Delhi officially declared that 20 of its soldiers have been martyred in the border fight.

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Indian Foreign Ministry spokesman Anurag Shrivastava said on the India-China border fight – There has been a meeting between the senior commanders of the two countries and an agreement was reached to reduce the tension. We felt that everything would progress according to the conversation.

Late on the night of 15 June, the Chinese army suddenly changed its attitude. China unilaterally rejected the status quo, and this resulted in violent clashes on both sides. Soldiers on both sides suffered casualties, which could have been avoided but China did not follow the agreement honestly.

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The politics of India got heated by the news of the death of 20 Indian soldiers. Opposition parties demanded PM Modi come forward and reply. A video message later, PM Narendra Modi said that the martyrdom of Indian soldiers will not go in vain and Indian soldiers were killed while killing.

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There was a talk in the Indian media since Tuesday that Chinese soldiers have also been killed. Some media houses even declared unconfirmed numbers from 35 to 43. But nothing has been clear on this till now.

On Wednesday, at the press conference of the Chinese Foreign Ministry, news agency PTI asked that in the Indian media, there are reports of casualties of Chinese soldiers. Do you confirm this?

In response to this question, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Chao Lijian said – As I said, the soldiers of the two countries are trying to resolve specific issues on the ground. I do not have any information that I can issue here. I believe and you too must have seen that since this has happened, both sides are trying to resolve the dispute through dialogue so that peace can be restored on both sides.

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A spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry said – The two big developing and emerging markets of the world (India and China) have more common interests than the differences. It is important for both countries to pursue the relationship on the right path according to the interests and expectations of their citizens and reach an agreement. We hope that the Indian side will work with us and both will move forward together. ‘

Chinese Claims On Galwan Valley?

PTI asked the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman how are the conditions on the ground right now. Especially what is the situation in Galwan Valley, where the savagery India-China border fight happened? There was no dispute about the Galwan Valley till now, how did the problem suddenly arise? Now the People’s Liberation Army has said in its statement that the sovereignty of Galwan Valley has always been with China, but there was no dispute about this area. What would you say on this?

In response to these questions, Zhao Lijian said, The answer to your first question is that India and China are talking at the military and diplomatic level. The fact is straightforward.

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“The sovereignty of the Galwan valley area has always belonged to China. The Indian border troops flip-flopped and seriously violated our border protocols on border-related issues and the consensus of our commander level talks,” Lijian said. He further asked India to “strictly discipline its frontline troops, stop infringing and provocative activity at once and work with China and come back to the right track of resolving the differences through dialogue and talk.”

Did China Cheat India?

Strategic affairs expert Brahma Chellaney wrote on Twitter about the whole controversy that China has become a thug state under communist dictatorship regime. Chellaney wrote, China neither respects bilateral agreements nor international rules. The truth is that China uses bilateral agreements against other countries and never enforces itself. India is trapped in these clutches.

Chellaney wrote – Since 1993, India has had five border management agreements with China and all five were signed with great fanfare. But nothing helped to stop the encroachment of China. This is China’s recent aggression. China has secretly captured India’s share and is saying that it has always been a part of it. China is claiming the Galwan Valley for the first time.

China had never infiltrated the Galwan Valley and all surrounding strategic heights since the 1962 war. India had made a big mistake leaving these bases without troops. These areas are very important strategically.

Many experts have written to the EurAsian Times that it seems Modi government has made the same mistakes as the Nehru government i.e. underestimating the Chinese, overestimating the Indian strength and most importantly caught unprepared at the border.

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Middle East

Israeli Air Force Unveils New ‘Special Forces Squadron’, Experts Call It Blue Print For Indian Air Force

Could Israel’s Revolutionary Air Force Unit become the blueprint for future Indian Air Force (IAF) squadrons? Aviation experts suggest it could happen and much like the Israeli Air Force, it would revolutionize the IAF as well.

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Israel’s Air Force has unveiled a revolutionary unit which contains all the special forces of the aerial warfare branch, consolidating them under one command.

The 7th Aerial Special Forces Wing will combine all Israeli Air Force’s special forces under one command. Aviation experts in India believe that the revolutionary squadron from Israel could become a blueprint for future Indian Air Force (IAF) squadrons.

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According to an army press release, the 7th Aerial Special Forces Wing was established to meet operational needs and respond to changing and growing threats in the various arenas. The 7th Aerial Special Forces Wing will include search-and-rescue Unit 669, Shaldag commando unit and outfit that builds airfields behind enemy lines.

The move aims “to increase the operational effectiveness of the units. The wing will function as a complementary and unique component to Israeli Air Force activities through special depth, routine and emergency operations.”

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The Israeli Air Force routinely carries out military operations in the Gaza Strip, typically targeting installations of Hamas, as well as carrying out airstrikes against Iranian targets in Syria, as part of the effort by Israel to ensure Tehran does not expand its military presence in the war-torn country.

The new wing will contain the air force’s Unit 669, the elite search-and-rescue group; the Shaldag commando unit; the Frontal Landing Unit, which builds ad hoc landing strips behind enemy lines; a dedicated intelligence unit for the wing; and a special forces school.

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IAF Commanding Officer Maj. Gen. Amikam Norkin has hailed the introduction of the 7th Aerial Special Forces Wing and has described it as moving into a new era in the history of Israeli Air Force.  “We are standing on the shoulders of our predecessors, who were courageous and took action, and now we are leading the way.”Today we move forward to a new chapter,” he said.

The introduction of 7th Aerial Special Forces Wing has generated a buzz amongst aviation experts and enthusiast in India who feel that this squadron could be the blueprint for future IAF squadrons.

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Surrounded by adversaries Pakistan and China, IAF is looking to increase its squadrons from 28 to 40. An IAF squadron modelled after the 7th Aerial Special Forces Wing would be ideal for India to counter any aggression by Islamabad or Beijing. It would also prepare India for a two-front battle, should that scenario ever become a reality, experts talking to EurAsian Times argue.

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Asia Pacific

India-China Economic Romance Cannot End With A Mere Border Clash – Chinese Experts

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India and China have been at each other’s throat for more than a month now. Aside from the military confrontation in Ladakh, India has also moved to disengage from China economically.

While the move has got the support from the majority of Indians, Cui Hui’ao of the China Global Television Network (CGTN) writes that disengaging from China might not be a choice for India and that economic de-coupling is driven politically by Narendra Modi.

As reported by Eurasian Times consistently during last month, the feud between India and China has been a rollercoaster ride. From military buildup, deadly clashes to de-escalation and eventual withdrawal, the clash of the two Asiatic giants has seen it all.

Cui writes that apart from the military confrontation, India has retaliated in the economic sphere, referring to the decision by the Indian government to ban 59 Chinese application including TikTok, WeChat and ShareIt and the call to boycott Chinese products.

The journalist at CGTN writes that decoupling from China may be easier said than done for India. He says that India is not a manufacturing powerhouse, so in terms of bilateral trade, it actually buys much more from China than the other way around.

Cui analyses trade data to support the fact that New Delhi will find it difficult to reduce its dependence on Chinese imports. Between April 2019 and March 2020, India imported over 65 billion U.S. dollars’ worth of goods from China.

Cui is of the opinion that the coronavirus pandemic has hit the Indian economy hard and in fact, the disengagement is driven by politics rather than economics. He finds it difficult to accept that India’s disengagement from China would take place at a time when the Indian economy is projected to contract by 4.5% according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Economic Disengagement Driven Politically 

Speaking to Cui, Cheng Xizhong, a visiting professor from Southwest University of Political Science and Law, says that the decision to de-couple from China economically is because of the domestic pressure on Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi.

‘’Since his second term began yet Indian economy is a mess. He has to find a way to shift the public attention elsewhere,” he said.

The author agrees with the point made by Cheng Xizhong and writes that pressure on the Indian PM Modi comes from multiple fronts, including his own supporters, businesses, and farmers union. But this time, the nationalistic voice is even louder.

Other experts interviewed by Chui agree that New Delhi would benefit more if it partnered with Beijing. Professor Cheng, a former Chinese military diplomat in South Asia, said that since India started its opening-up in the 1990s, its economic growth has been crippled by lack of high-quality infrastructure and it would wiser if India and China work together.

Similar views are shared by Indian economist Biswajit Dhar, who says that India’s decision to start producing domestically has to be strategic and it cannot take the decision to produce everything.”

While India and China disengage at the battlefront in Ladakh, the Indian government is looking for solutions to reduce its dependency on Chinese imports. PM Modi has encouraged all Indians to become self-reliant (Aatmanirbhar) by producing and purchasing indigenous goods and boost the Indian economy.

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Featured

Iran-India Chabahar Port Deal: Iran Kicks-Out India from Chabahar Rail Project citing funding delays

Iran-India Chabahar Port Deal: The railway project was meant to be part of India’s vow to the trilateral deal between India, Iran and Afghanistan to develop an alternate trade route to Afghanistan and Central Asia bypassing a hostile Pakistan.

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The Iran-India Chabahar port deal has run out of fuel. Iran has reportedly expelled India from the Chabahar rail project according to a report by The Hindu.

According to the report – four years after India and Iran signed a deal to construct a rail line from Chabahar port to Zahedan, Tehran has decided to proceed with the project by itself citing delays from New Delhi.

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The report writes – The Iranian Transport and Urban Development Minister — Mohammad Eslami inaugurated the track-laying process for Chabahar-Zahedan line, which will be extended to Zaranj in Afghanistan. Iranian officials told The Hindu that the complete project would be finished by March 2022 and that Iranian Railways will proceed without India’s support, using nearly $400 million from the Iranian National Development Fund.

The railway project was meant to be part of India’s vow to the trilateral deal between India, Iran and Afghanistan to develop an alternate trade route to Afghanistan and Central Asia bypassing a hostile Pakistan.

Chabahar Port No Longer A Top Priority For Modi-Government As India, Iran Drift Apart: OpEd

In May 2016, during PM Modi’s visit to Iran to sign the Chabahar pact President Rouhani and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, IRCON had signed an MoU with the Iranian Rail Ministry. The MoU was to construct the Chabahar-Zahedan railway as “part of transit and transportation corridor in a trilateral agreement between India, Iran and Afghanistan”.

However, according to the Hindu, despite several site visits by IRCON engineers, India never commenced the work, apparently due to apprehensions that these could attract U.S. sanctions.

The U.S. had provided a sanctions waiver for the Chabahar port and the rail line to Zahedan, but it has been difficult to find equipment suppliers and partners due to concerns they could be targeted by the U.S., according to key officials.

 

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Iran wanted India to accelerate the acquisition of heavy equipment and expedite work on a railway link to the Afghan border to boost the economic viability of the Chabahar port, according to experts.  As per earlier reports, – there was a written assurance from the US that will make it easier for banks to provide funds for the procurement of heavy equipment” said an expert.

In late 2018, the US had approved a waiver for Chabahar and the construction of a railway line from the port to the Afghan border from sanctions under the Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012. However, banks had been reluctant to provide loans for buying heavy equipment due to US sanctions.

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Iranian President Hassan Rouhani had earlier raised the Chabahar-Zahedan rail link at a meeting with Indian external affairs minister S Jaishankar in Tehran and asked India to expedite work on it to “benefit regional trade relations”.

During that visit, India and Iran had agreed to boost Chabahar’s economic viability, including steps such as providing higher subsidies to merchant shipping using the port.

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