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Have India-China Relations Improved or Worsened under PM Modi?

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In the backdrop of a number of events peppered in India-China relations in 2017, there were palpable thoughts in all sections of the populace (Economists, Defence Personnel and Experts, North Eastern States, Politicians, Tourism Industry, Religious Pilgrims, Traders, Journalists, etc) about the outcome and possible positivity expected out of the visit by Prime Minister Modi to China. So, have India-China Relations Improved or Worsened under PM Modi?

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India-China Relations: Major events in 2016-17

  • Indian protests for the Belt Road Initiative (BRI), especially the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) passing through Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK)
  • 73-day stand-off at Doklam with no positive end in sight
  • Chinese assertions in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR)
  • Supposed intentional muddying of the Brahmaputra
  • Stoppage of Mansarovar Yatra and Trade through Nathu-La
  • Breakthrough by Indian Cinema in China
  • President Xi’s election as ‘President for Life’.

These local events had international fall-outs in their respective fields. The increasing tensions in the South China Sea, Sea of Japan, Korean imbroglio with adverse statements from the USA and North Korea, trade tariff war with the USA, worsened the political and internal situation in Pakistan and election outcome in Nepal were adding to the increasing downward spiral in the India-China Relations.

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In this changing local world order and emerging alliances, suddenly Korea’s decision to play friends. The statements from both India and China were positive and encouraging to avoid another standoff on the Himalayas. All thus keenly watched the PM’s visit to China in this volatile yet improving India-China Relations during end April 2018.

The bonhomie of the two leaders was visible and a number of positivities are likely to emerge in the times to come. 24 deals have been signed, in which they agreed to improve communication between the militaries of the two countries to maintain peace at the border.

The two leaders stressed on the importance to maintain healthy India-China Relations in all areas of the border region and that the two countries have the “maturity and wisdom to handle all their differences peacefully through talks”. Overall, although the outcomes are still awaited, the visit seems to have achieved the main purpose – increase communication and have faith. The joint economic project collaboration in Afghanistan is sure to raise a few eyebrows further West, as also the declaration by China regarding not wanting to push the envelope with One Belt One Road (OBOR) with India. These outcomes may seem miniscule initially but have paved the way for long-lasting policy decisions and peace initiatives.

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The two economic giants are well aware of their potential and the power of collaboration to keep other powers at bay. Unlike the Cold War, where allies were militarily equipped and all countries were made battlegrounds, the competition and race for space as far as India-China Relations are concerned, have resulted in economic growth and connectivity for the overtly or covertly involved nations. Rather than pouring money against each other, the two countries would augur well to grow together.

There are enough and more internal problems in both countries and a lot of dough needs to be diverted to raise the level in-house. With the largest populations and markets, we also have the largest problems. Both the nations have been trying to subdue uprisings within to be seen as clean without, however, the dust is unlikely to settle too soon. Hence, it would be prudent to hope for positive outcomes and healthier India-China Relations with the present visit being the harbinger of such hopes.

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NSA Ajit Doval Behind Chinese Army Withdrawal & Diffusing India-China Border Tensions

Ajit Doval, India’s fifth National Security Advisor, is popular amongst Indians and is often referred to as the Indian James Bond. Besides India-China tensions, Doval played a key role during Doklam 2017, India-Pakistan crisis of 2019 and containing militancy in the north-east.

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Ajit Doval – The Indian National Security Advisor’s intense negotiations with the Chinese camp has somewhat diffused the India-China border tensions. The Chinese Army moved back a few kilometres in the now infamous Galwan Valley after talks led by Ajit Doval.

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According to a report published by HT, Indian NSA Ajit Doval spoke with Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi via video call on Sunday, as a result of which tensions between India and China seem to have simmered down.

NSA Ajit Doval (and not the Indian Foreign Minister) and the Chinese foreign minister Wang’s conversation is learnt to have focused on “full and enduring restoration of peace and tranquillity” along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). The two sides also spoke about working together to avoid such incidents in future, a top government official said.

In a statement issued by the Ministry of External Affairs, Doval and minister Wang – two Special Representatives on the boundary issue – had “a frank and in-depth exchange of views on the recent developments in the Western Sector of the India-China border areas.’’

jit Doval and Wang Yi agreed that both sides should take guidance from the consensus of the leaders and that upholding peace and tranquillity is essential for the further development of India-China ties.

India and China also agreed to respect the LAC and not take any unilateral action to try and change the status quo of the region.  The talks did have a positive impact, much of which was seen today morning.

As EurAsian Times reported earlier today, PLA troops moved back tents, vehicles, soldiers by 1-2 kilometres from where disengagement was agreed upon by at Corps Commander level talks.

Doval, India’s fifth National Security Advisor, is popular amongst Indians and is often referred to as the Indian James Bond. Doval played a key role during Doklam 2017, India-Pakistan crisis of 2019 and containing militancy in the north-east.


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On Dalai Lama’s 85th Birthday, Is It Time For India To Reset ‘One China’ Policy?

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As the Tibetan leader Dalai Lama celebrates his 85th birthday, there is a debate amongst experts whether India should reset its ‘One China’ policy. The discussions began after a host of Indian politicians sent wishes to His Holiness The 14th Dalai Lama in the midst of the feud with China. 

FACT CHECK: 100 Chinese Soldiers Killed In India-China Border Clash At Galwan Valley?

The ‘One China’ policy is the diplomatic acknowledgement of China’s position that there is only one Chinese government. Under the policy, countries recognise and have formal ties with China rather Taiwan and consider disputed territories such as Tibet, Xinjiang and Hong Kong an inseparable part of China.

For years, India has maintained a low profile when it comes to Tibetan politics and gone at lengths to ensure that the ‘One China’ policy is not violated. In 2018, the Government of India ordered its officials to stay away from a rally marking 60 years of Dalai Lama in India.

Tibet has been a bone of contention between New Delhi and Beijing since 1959 when Dalai Lama escaped to Assam after a failed revolt against the Chinese. After India gave him refuge and allowed an exiled Tibetan government to operate from Dharamsala, China has viewed India with suspicion and blamed New Delhi for supporting anti-China activities.

According to experts at EurAsian Times, the fact that Indian politicians today extended wishes to Dalai Lama mark a major departure from India’s policy from two years ago.

Birthday greetings were sent by Kiren Rijiju, Minister of State for Youth Affairs and Sports, Pema Khandu, chief minister of Arunachal Pradesh, RK Mathur, the lieutenant governor of Ladakh.

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Speaking to Economic Times, Lobsang Sangay, President of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) said that India should make Tibet one of the key issues in Sino-India policies. Similar views are shared by Indian experts who believe it is time India re-assessed its ‘one China’ policy.

The 51-year old spoke about the strategic significance of Tibet — historically, geopolitically, culturally and ecologically as Tibet is the water tower of Asia and stressed on the importance of Tibet in being part of Indian policies with regards to China.

India is home to the largest Tibetan population in exile and has always found support from the community whenever New Delhi has clashed with Beijing.

Recently, Indian-Americans, Tibetan-Americans and Taiwanese-Americans took to the streets in New York to protest against increased Chinese aggression in the midst of a global pandemic. The group held placards of “Boycott China” and “Stop Chinese Abuse” as they shouted slogans against the country.

India is not the only country at the receiving end of Chinese aggression. Beijing has also clashed with Bhutan, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Japan, Taiwan and the United States.

The Sino-Indian dispute in Ladakh seems to have cooled down after both countries retreated and established a 4-kilometre no-man zone earlier today. The dispute with China in Ladakh has been going on since the first week of June and so far has resulted in the death of 20 Indian soldiers and unconfirmed numbers on the Chinese side.

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India-China Border Update: Chinese PLA Troops Moves Back Few Km In Galwan Valley – Reports

India-China Border News: Twenty Indian soldiers were killed violent face-off in Galwan valley on June 15-16 after an attempt by the Chinese troops to unilaterally change the status quo during the de-escalation.

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The latest news coming from India-China Border is that the Chinese PLA troops have moved back tents, vehicles and soldiers by 1-2 kilometres from locations where disengagement was agreed upon at Corps Commander-level talks, ANI quoted Indian Army sources.

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Chinese heavy armoured vehicles are still present in the depth areas in the Galwan river area.  The Indian Army is monitoring the situation with caution, Army sources informed.

The third round of Corps Commander-level meeting between armies of India and China went on for 12 hours, said Army sources on July 1. The first two rounds had taken place in Moldo on the Chinese side of the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

In the second round of Corps Commander-level talks held on June 22, both sides reached a mutual consensus to disengage in the Eastern Ladakh sector, Army sources said. The military commanders from both countries had met initially on June 6 and agreed to disengage at multiple locations. India had asked the Chinese side to return to pre-May 4 military positions along the LAC.

Twenty Indian soldiers were killed violent face-off in Galwan valley on June 15-16 after an attempt by the Chinese troops to unilaterally change the status quo during the de-escalation. Indian intercepts revealed that the Chinese side suffered 43 casualties including dead and seriously injured in the face-off.

Earlier, Chinese state media stated that India wants to compete with China militarily and economically to reinforce its reputation as a global leader. The article claimed that anti-China posture has become one of the main means for certain individuals to forge social consensus and once pluralistic secular Indian society is being turned into one dominated by Hinduism.

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