Connect with us

Americas

India-China War: China Has No ‘Military Advantage’ Over ‘Battle-Hardened’ Indian Army – CNN

India-China War: “India is by far the more experienced and battle-hardened side, having fought a series of limited and low-intensity conflicts in its recent past. China, on the other hand, has not experienced the crucible of combat since its conflict with Vietnam in 1979.

Published

on

A full-scale India-China war looks unlikely however the last time India and China engaged in a conventional war was in 1962 over the same Himalayan region where at least 20 Indian soldiers were killed recently, writes the CNN.

How Many Chinese Soldiers Were Killed In The India-China Clash At Galwan Valley / Ladakh?

An India-China war today is far different from that was fought in 1962. Conventional wisdom has it that China holds a massive military advantage over India, but recent studies from the Belfer Center at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government in Boston and the Center for a New American Security in Washington suggest that India maintains an edge in high-altitude mountainous warfare over China.

No one expects the fresh clashes to explode into nuclear war, but the fact that both China and India have become nuclear powers since their previous conflict cannot be overlooked when evaluating the balance of power.

Data released by the (SIRPI) assess that China has roughly 320 nuclear warheads — more than double India’s 150. Both nations have seen their armouries grow in the past year, Beijing’s by 40 warheads and New Delhi’s by 10, according to SIRPI.

Trump’s Mediation Offer ‘Naive’; US Actually Wants India To Challenge Chinese Dominance: Russian Experts

Both nuclear-armed nations maintain a triad of delivery systems — missiles, bombers and submarines. Both nations have also vowed to a “no first use” policy, however, meaning they’ve pledged only to use nuclear arms in retaliation to a nuclear attack on their county.

India-China War: Air forces

India has about 270 fighters and 68 ground-attack aircraft which New Delhi can use to counter China according to a study published in March by the Belfer Center. India also maintains a series of small air bases near the Chinese border from which it can stage and supply those aircraft, the Belfer study claimed.

China, by contrast, has 157 fighters and a small fleet of ground-attack drones in the region. The PLAAF uses eight bases in the region, but most of those are civilian airfields at challenging altitudes, the study suggests.

India-China Border Fight – Did Modi-Government Make The Same ‘Three Mistakes’ Like Nehru?

“The high altitude of Chinese air bases in Tibet and Xinjiang, plus the generally difficult geographic and weather conditions of the region, means that Chinese fighters are limited to carrying around half their design payload and fuel,” the study claims.

Aerial refuelling could give the Chinese planes additional payload and combat time, but the PLAAF doesn’t have adequate aerial tankers for the job. The Belfor study also gives the Indian Air Force (IAF), with its Mirage 2000 and Sukhoi Su-30 jets, a qualitative edge in the region, where China fields J-10, J-11 and Su-27 fighters.

Australian Media Says India Has The ‘Most Powerful Weapon’ Ready Against China

Meanwhile, India has developed these bases in the region with China in mind, according to an October 2019 report from the Center for a New American Security. “To weather a potential People’s Liberation Army (PLA) attack, India has placed greater emphasis on infrastructure hardening; base resiliency; redundant command, control, and communications systems; and improved air defence,” the report claims.

The Belfer study indicated that China, facing perceived intimidations from the US on its eastern and southern flanks, has boosted its bases there and neglected near the Indian border, leaving at least four PLA airbases exposed.

“Indian destruction or incapacitation of some of the four above airbases would further increase these PLAAF operational inflexibilities and weaknesses,” it claims. The Belfer report gives the edge to India’s air force in one other area — experience.

India-China Border Clash: India Has 2 Options – Accept Losses or Counter China: US Experts

“Recent conflicts with Pakistan give the current IAF a level of institutional experience in actual networked combat,” it says. Lacking such experience, Chinese pilots may have difficulty thinking for themselves in a dynamic aerial battlefield, according to the Belfer report.

India-China War: Ground forces

While India has the experience in the air, the CNAS report says it is also extremely well trained on the ground, battling in places like Kashmir and in encounters along its border with Pakistan.

“India is by far the more experienced and battle-hardened side, having fought a series of limited and low-intensity conflicts in its recent past,” the CNAS report says. “The PLA, on the other hand, has not experienced the crucible of combat since its conflict with Vietnam in 1979.”

That month-long border war, driven by China in reaction to Vietnam’s military intercession in Cambodia, is largely considered a defeat for China. The PLA had difficulty making gains against Vietnamese troops that were smaller in number but immensely more trained after battling US forces during the Vietnam War.

JF-17 vs Rafale: Why Pakistani JF-17 Thunder Poses A Serious Threat To Indian Rafale Fighter Jets?

Belfer estimates there are about 225,000 Indian ground forces in the region, as well as 200,000 to 230,000 Chinese. The figures may be confusing. Counted among those PLA forces are units assigned to keep down any chance of rebellion in Xinjiang or Tibet, or deal with any possible friction along China’s border with Russia.

Moving them to the Indian front in the event of large-scale clashes presents a logistical dilemma, as Indian airstrikes could target high-speed rail lines on the Tibetan plateau or chokepoints in the rugged terrain near the border. “By contrast, Indian troops are already largely in position,” the report says.

Attack On Indian Army By Chinese Soldiers – India Failed To Stay Competitive – NYT

The CNAS report adds that those Indian troops operate in rough terrain in steep valleys and can’t be easily deployed to counter transgressions that any Chinese aggression might make. In short, the Indian troops too could be vulnerable to Chinese artillery and missile attacks on choke points in the mountains.

Those attacks could come by Chinese artillery or missiles placed on the Tibetan plateau, which in some cases look right down on Indian border posts, the CNAS report says. But the issue is whether, in the event of large-scale battle, China has sufficient missiles to take out all the targets it would need to hit in India.

The Belfer study quotes the evaluations of a former Indian Air Force officer, who predicts that China would need 220 ballistic missiles to knock out one Indian airfield for a day. With only 1,000 to 1,200 missiles available for the task, China would quickly run out of missiles to shut down India’s airfields, it says.

Indian Air Force Deploys Su-30 MKI, Apache Helicopters In Forward Bases In Ladakh

One area where China may be having an edge is the technology and new weapons. With a larger defence budget and quickly modernizing defence forces, Beijing can’t be counted out to close any gaps in its forces.

“China’s economy is five times the size of India’s and Beijing’s defence budget far surpasses New Delhi’s defence budget by a factor of four to one,” said Nishank Motwani, an international adviser at the National Center for Dialogue and Progress in Afghanistan. “The power differential between China and India is in Beijing’s favour and this asymmetry is only widening.”

Chinese state media has recently been heavy on articles and videos of new weaponry being stationed to its Tibetan region for drills, including the Type 15 light tank and the new 155-millimetre vehicle-mounted howitzer. Both were introduced leat year in a military parade in Beijing.

“The weapons were specially designed with advantages for plateau regions and can play significant roles in safeguarding border areas,” military experts told the state-sponsored Global Times.  The Chinese outlet on Tuesday — after the encounter with Indian troops the night before — mentioned the new weapons in a report on war games in the mountainous region.

India-China Border Tensions Still High Over Mutilated Bodies Of Indian Soldier – Reports

“These kinds of drills demonstrated the PLA’s capability to win a regional, high-elevation conflict in its early stages by decisively eradicating the hostile headquarters and commanders, a PLA veteran who was once deployed in Tibet and asked not to be named told the Global Times,” the report said.

India-China War: Allies

In a possible India-China war, China could be largely on its battle against India, New Delhi, on the other hand, has been developing defence ties with countries wary of Beijing as a rising military power. India has grown closer to the US military in recent years, with Washington calling India a “major defence partner” while increasing bi- and multilateral training.

In the event of an India-Chin war, US intelligence and surveillance could help New Delhi get a clearer picture of the battlefield. The Belfer report uses the example of what might happen if China was to surge troops from its interior to the front lines in the mountains.

Indonesia Opens Another Military Base at Natuna Islands To Counter Aggressive China

“Such a Chinese surge would also attract attention from the United States, which would alert India and enable it to counter-mobilize its own additional forces from its interior,” it says.

India participates in joint military exercises with countries like the US, Japan, France and Australia. “Western troops participating in such war games and exercises regularly have revealed a grudging admiration for their Indian counterparts’ tactical creativity and a high degree of adaptability,” the CNAS report says.

“China’s joint training endeavours, on the other hand, thus far have remained comparatively basic in scope — with the notable exception of its defence drills with Pakistan and Russia.”

Via CNN

Americas

F-35 vs F-35: Israel To Further Upgrade Stealth F-35 Jets, Could Even Outgun The US Fleet – Experts

Israel became the first country to select the F-35 through the US government’s Foreign Military Sales process when a Letter of Agreement was signed in October 2010. On June 22, 2016, the Israeli Air Force received the first F-35A Adir for Israel at a ceremony at the Fort Worth, Texas, F-35 factory

Published

on

Israel is looking to upgrade its fleet of F-35s into high-tech electronic warfare machines, a move that would bring the stealth F-35 jets to the next level. With Lockheed Martin developed F-35s upgraded to next level, Israel will be able to dominate the skies over the Middle East with relative ease.

According to reports in National Interest Magazine, Israeli engineers are planning to upgrade the already quite advanced Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) Electronic Warfare (EW) system of the Lockheed Martin-produced F-35 fighter jets.

Israel became the first country to select the F-35 through the US government’s Foreign Military Sales process when a Letter of Agreement was signed in October 2010. On June 22, 2016, the Israeli Air Force received the first F-35A Adir for Israel at a ceremony at the Fort Worth, Texas, F-35 factory

While specifics regarding EW technologies, particularly with the U.S. F-35, are often unavailable due to security reasons, aspects in which EW could substantially contribute to the aircraft’s combat power include emitting electronic signals and perform critical defensive functions.

An advanced EW system on the F-35 can likely contribute to the aircraft’s Mission Data Files threat data library,i.e, it could detect the electronic signature of approaching enemy aircraft or even ground-based air defences and alert the aircraft’s sensor targeting and surveillance systems.

The F-35’s Mission Data Files includes profiles of known enemy threats, such as a specific sensor or electronic data related to particular enemy threats likely to emerge in certain geographical areas.

The F-35s sensors, including cameras, infrared targeting systems or on-board Active Electronically Scanned Array radar, can detect the existence and trajectory of enemy targets and bounce the information off of the Mission Data Files to inform pilots regarding the specifics of the threat.

EW can function as a fundamental part of this equation, thus shedding further light upon why Israel is likely to seek EW upgrades for its fleet of F-35. Advanced EW could potentially help detect and “jam” or disable Iranian air defences mostly built on Russian platforms.

Additionally, the range and fidelity of on-board sensors can give the F-35 new dimensions of targeting and surveillance technology. The aircraft’s Distributed Aperture System (DAS), which includes a 360-degree display of surrounding cameras, can find threats at great distances.

The DAS system is networked with the F-35s Electro-Optical Targeting system. That Electro-Optical Targeting system is a high-fidelity, long-range sensor intended to find enemy targets before the F-35 itself can be seen by any enemies.  Merging this sensor system with advanced EW is a likely focus of Israel’s F-35s upgrades.

According to aviation experts at EurAsian Times, with upgraded F-35s, the Israeli Air Force (IAF) would not only dominate the skies of Middle-East with relative ease but the Israeli version of the F-35s could even surpass American F-3s when it comes to Electronic Warfare (EW) system.

Continue Reading

Americas

China Imposes Sanctions On US Defence Giant Behind F-16s, F-22 Raptors

Published

on

China has threatened to impose sanctions on US defence giant Lockheed Martin – the makers of Stealth F-22 Raptors, in response to US approving of a possible deal for Taiwan to buy parts to refurbish defensive missiles built by the company.

With China In Mind, India To ‘Urgently’ Acquire Heron Drones, Spike ATGM From Israel

Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian made announced at a briefing in Beijing on Tuesday, adding that the US should cut defence ties with Taiwan “so that it doesn’t do further harm to bilateral relations and damage peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait.”

“China firmly opposes U.S. arms sales to Taiwan,” Zhao said, adding: “China decides to take measures to protect national interests. We will impose sanctions on the main contractor of this arms sale Lockheed Martin.”

Rafale jets dodge all radars, air defence systems; bombs Turkish facilities in Libya

The US State Department last week approved a possible $620 million foreign military deal for Taiwan to buy parts of Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) missiles so that they can last 30 years.

Beijing’s actions come amid growing tensions between the US and China tensions over various issues including trade war, South China Sea dispute, COVID-19 pandemic, new security law in Hong Kong, 5G network and hostilities against key US allies including India and Australia.

Stealth vs Thrust: Why Indian Air Force needs American jets instead of Russian aircraft?

Despite it being a strategic American ally, the US has no official embassy in Taiwan nor does Australia, Canada, the UK or Germany. China calls Taiwan a ‘renegade province’ and has vowed it to merge it with mainland China, at all costs.

Continue Reading

Americas

Comet Neowise in India: Rare Neowise Comet will be visible in North-West India from Today – NASA

NASA Comet Neowise India: NASA’s Neowise infrared space telescope discovered the comet on 27 March. Scientists involved in the mission said the comet is about five kilometres across and its nucleus is covered with sooty material dating back to the origin of our solar system 4.6 billion years ago.

Published

on

The Comet Neowise, or C/20202 F3  will be noticeable in the northwest sky in India from 14 July onwards. As per NASA, Neowise should be visible just before and around the time of first light till 11 July. It will again start to be visible in the evening between 15 and 16 July.

“From July 14, C/2020 F3, a comet discovered on March 27, will be clearly visible in the north-western sky. It will be visible after sunset for around 20 minutes for the next 20 days. People can observe it from naked eyes,” said Subhendu Pattnaik, deputy director of Pathani Samanta Planetarium in Bhubaneswar told ANI.

“In the evenings to follow, the comet will rapidly climb higher in the sky and will be visible for a longer period,” he added.

Comet Neowise swept within Mercury’s orbit a week ago. Its close vicinity to the sun caused dust and gas to burn off its surface and create an even bigger debris tail. According to CNET, Neowise passed a critical point when it survived its closest brush with the sun without cracking up from the heat last week.

NASA’s Neowise infrared space telescope discovered the comet on 27 March. Scientists involved in the mission said the comet is about five kilometres across and its nucleus is covered with sooty material dating back to the origin of our solar system 4.6 billion years ago.

Soon after, numerous amateur photographers began sharing stunning images of the comet just above the horizon during predawn hours. Twitter user Jeremy Perez shared the image shot from close to the Wupatki National Monument showcasing the bright celestial body.

According to the CNET report, as the comet moves farther away from the sun and closer to Earth, it will be visible in the evening sky and not before dawn. As per NASA solar system ambassador Eddie Irizarry, Neowise should be visible just before and around the time of first light till 11 July. It will again start to be visible in the evening between 15 and 16 July.

While it’s visible with the naked eye in dark skies with little or no light pollution, binoculars are needed to see the long tail, according to NASA. It will be about 7,000 years before the comet returns, “so I wouldn’t suggest waiting for the next pass,” said the telescope’s deputy principal investigator Joe Masiero of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Recently, astronauts from the International Space Station managed to get a stunning glimpse of a natural light show from a comet this weekend. NASA astronaut Bob Behnken shared a tweet highlighting Neowise. He captioned the post, “Last night’s fireworks, for real. Because Science.”

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Facebook

FEATURED

Operation-Tupac Operation-Tupac
Featured1 hour ago

Pakistan Army Ambushed in Balochistan, Upto 20 Soldiers Reportedly Killed

The Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) said that security forces were patrolling near Gichak valley in the Panjgur district of Balochistan...

Armenia-Azerbaijan Armenia-Azerbaijan
Featured1 hour ago

Azerbaijani General, 15 Others Killed In Azerbaijan-Armenia Border Clash

Azerbaijan-Armenia Border Clash conflict commenced on Sunday and Azerbaijan said it has lost 11 soldiers and one civilian while Armenia...

India-Iran Relations India-Iran Relations
Featured2 hours ago

India Committed to Funding, Building Chabahar Railway Project In Iran – Indian Officials

TOI quoting senior officials at the Indian embassy in the Iranian capital said, “India is committed to building the Chabahar-Zahedan...

eurasian times eurasian times
Featured13 hours ago

US Troops Withdraw From Five Bases in Afghanistan As Part Of Peace Deal With Taliban – Officials

The US has withdrawn from five military bases in Afghanistan. Afghan media outlet Tolo reported the five U.S. bases that...

Pakistan-Turkey-Relations Pakistan-Turkey-Relations
Featured13 hours ago

Pakistan Affirms Full Support To Turkey On The Eve Of Defeated Coup In Ankara

Pakistan, he added, “stands by Turkey and has been taking all possible steps to support Turkey’s efforts to address the...

atgm-india atgm-india
Featured16 hours ago

With China In Mind, India To ‘Urgently’ Acquire Heron Drones, Spike ATGM From Israel

India plans to acquire for Heron drones and Spike anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) from Israel under the emergency financial powers...

Turkey-EU Relations Turkey-EU Relations
Featured16 hours ago

EU’s Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Vietnam Leaves India Fuming

EU’s Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Vietnam has come as a big blow to India. India has started trade talks...

china-detention-camps china-detention-camps
Featured22 hours ago

Galwan Valley Clash: Has China denied burial permission to family of dead PLA soldiers?

The US intelligence report, as per Indian media, claims that China is not accepting that its soldiers have been killed...

nasa-comet-india nasa-comet-india
Americas1 day ago

Comet Neowise in India: Rare Neowise Comet will be visible in North-West India from Today – NASA

NASA Comet Neowise India: NASA’s Neowise infrared space telescope discovered the comet on 27 March. Scientists involved in the mission...

India-Iran-Ties India-Iran-Ties
Featured1 day ago

Iran-India Chabahar Port Deal: Iran Kicks-Out India from Chabahar Rail Project citing funding delays

Iran-India Chabahar Port Deal: The railway project was meant to be part of India’s vow to the trilateral deal between...

Advertisement

Trending