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India, Turkey Assisted Over 200 Countries During COVID-19 Pandemic

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India and Turkey, not the greatest of allies, claimed to have assisted around 200 countries (many overlapping) during the COVID-19 pandemic.

As per ANI, Union Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal said that India provided medical supplies to over 120 nations to combat the coronavirus pandemic, out of which 43 countries received it as a grant.

“We offer full support to any international commitments to promote this cause. Staying true to our tradition of ‘Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam’ — the world is one big family. India has unconditionally contributed medical supplies to over 120 countries to combat this disease, of which 43 countries received it as a grant.

We are also sharing our medical and public health expertise and capacity with them, using digital technologies,” said Goyal.

During his intervention, Goyal called upon the G20 nations to ensure access to essential medicines, treatments and vaccines at affordable prices. He said that the unprecedented situation calls for solidarity and a balanced, inclusive and calibrated response. “An overriding priority for all countries at this time is to save precious lives,” the minister added.

He vehemently called for an agreement to facilitate the use of TRIPs flexibilities to ensure access to essential medicines, treatments, and vaccines at affordable prices. He also called upon the G20 nations to also consent to provide diagnostic and protective equipment and healthcare professionals across borders where they are most needed.

Goyal said that learning from this extremely distressing experience, the world has to come together to build partnerships among like-minded nations with shared values of democracy, rules-based and transparent business models and concern for humanity as a whole.

“India wishes to contribute to this global effort,” he added.

Sharing a small example of India’s capabilities and commitment, Goyal explained, “When the pandemic broke out, India barely produced a few thousand pieces of Personal Protective Equipment. We had never needed PPEs in large numbers ever before. When we realised that countries were not able to supply enough for our needs, our domestic manufacturers created and ramped up capacities. So much so, that we now produce nearly 300,000 PPEs every day.”

Meanwhile, Turkey says it has sent medical aid to 80 countries to fight the coronavirus. “We have had the chance to serve 80 nations that have asked us for help so far,” Fuat Oktay Vice President of Turkey said in an interview.

The main demand from these countries was face masks, gloves and respirators, Oktay said.  Oktay said two-thirds of the nations in the world, or close to 70%, had solicited support from Turkey.

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Asia Pacific

Japanese Analyst Rips-Apart China’s Double Game Of ‘Gentle Statements & Wicked Actions’

Behind this whole issue lies, of course, the overarching enigma of how best to deal with a belligerent China that has been bothering almost all of its neighbours – Japanese Analyst

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A report in JapanTimes states that plans to get Japan associated with the Five Eyes framework may have commenced and it the right time for Tokyo to formally join the alliance. The alliance gives mutual access between members to intelligence activities, as well as supporting further defence interoperability, building compelling relations that the digital age both enables and encourages.

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Behind this whole issue lies, of course, the overarching enigma of how best to deal with a belligerent China that has been bothering almost all of its neighbours.

You can see the visible uncertainty in US policy as Washington is uncertain in its approach – from warm handshakes with Chinese President Xi Jinping to trade wars and accusations against Huawei and obviously all the blame-game over COVID-19.

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In Europe too, various nations have taken completely different positions toward China, both in regard to geopolitical concerns like Hong Kong’ fate or China’s belligerence in the South China Sea, to day-to-day matters like an inward investment, technology transfer, 5G and other various sectors where China has intruded.

What has all this got to do with Five Eyes? The answer is that intelligence, cyber manoeuvring and every kind of soft power messaging are the weapons of the future. If the goal is the containment of rising China on security fronts, but prudent collaboration on others, such as on trade, investment, scientific research and health and environmental issues, then it is specifically in these sectors that this balanced method can work and needs to work. This becomes even clear as China itself resorts to the dark and shrewd world of cyberattacks.

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The news may be filled with reports of warships, new aircraft carriers, undesirable drilling rigs and artificial islands in the South Seas claimed by China (the infamous “nine-dash line”), complete with runways and fighter jets — although some are said to be now disintegrating back into the sea.

And there is also now a savagery clash between Indian and Chinese troops deep in the Himalayas, not to mention the thought of Chinese military invasion of Taiwan, which could trigger a world war. But Sun Tzu’s “Art of War” is always the big influence when evaluating Chinese longer-term plan, and it states clearly that Beijing’s strategic goals can best be accomplished by non-frontal means, by spying and deception, and by suppressing without a battle.

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As to what those longer-term Chinese goals are you can take your pick. Listen to some of Beijing voices and you hear screeching urge to become a global superpower, eyeball to eyeball with the US in a world too long dominated by Western foundations and regulations — an objective which sounds precisely hegemonic.

This is a scenario helped on its way by US critics and academics, who love to talk about the forthcoming clash of civilizations, the Thucydides moment and other apocalyptic scenarios. This is the path of broken pacts, countless border violations, stolen intellectual property, contemptuous disregard for human rights and the rules-based global order.

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Listen to other more scholarly and unadventurous voices in China and you hear the more modest intentions to achieve some balancing up against long-standing influence by the West, to keep foreigners out of what is deemed to be China’s historic sovereign areas and to share with other countries in peace and friendship — win-win all around with the “Belt and Road” initiative binding East and West, and even an impending confluence of political systems and philosophies of governance rather than unavoidable conflicts.

The key aim of the western democracies is to make China see the wisdom of the second path, persevered fairly and legally, and the self-harming illusion of the first one. And here the survival of an ever-more watchful ring of “eyes” to match and expose Chinese deception, and to check China’s attitude of soothingly saying one thing and merciless doing another, is the best curb.

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What the world needs is for China to prosper but not to threaten. Now more than ever global economic recovery and global trade restoration will be massively reliant on an early return to healthy Chinese growth. But it also needs to defend against “overmighty subjects” to use William Shakespeare’s phrase, who could fatally disrupt the delicate balances of today’s network world on which peace and restored prosperity rest.

And to guard, we need guardians. The Five Eyes alliance needs to be expanded to six.

Galwan Valley Clash: Top Indian General Decodes Why India Lost 20 Soldiers In India-China Border Conflict

Via: JapanTimes. Does Not Reflect The Views Of The EurAsian Times

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Asia Pacific

Chinese Apps Banned In India: Chinese Media Express Shock Over Blocking Of Apps By Indian Government

The Indian government has banned a total of 59 Chinese apps including the teen favourite TicTok. India’s IT ministry has announced the banning of 59 Chinese apps that include giants names like TicTok, ShareIt, UC Browser, Likee, WeChat, and Bigo Live.

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The biggest news trending is that Chinese Apps have been banned in India. The Chinese apps have been blocked by the Indian government after the deadly clash between Indian and Chinese soldiers along the contested border which left 20 Indian soldiers dead. 

The Indian government has banned a total of 59 Chinese apps including the teen favourite TicTok. India’s IT ministry has announced the banning of 59 Chinese apps that include giants names like TicTok, ShareIt, UC Browser, Likee, WeChat, and Bigo Live.

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The Indian ministry called the Chinese-owned applications as “prejudicial to sovereignty and integrity of India, defence of India, the security of the state and public order.” The Indian Cyber Crime Coordinate Centre under the Ministry of Home Affairs sent an exhaustive recommendation for blocking these “malicious apps”.

The ministry said that it has “received many complaints from various sources including several reports about the misuse of some mobile apps available on Android and iOS platforms for stealing and surreptitiously transmitting users’ data in an unauthorized manner to servers which have locations outside India.”

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“The compilation of these data, its mining and profiling by elements hostile to national security and defence of India, which ultimately impinges upon the sovereignty and integrity of India, is a matter of very deep and immediate concern which requires emergency measures,” it continued.

Chinese state media – the Global Times wrote – #Breaking: Amid tensions with #China over border issues, #India has banned 59 Chinese apps including #TikTok, UC Browser, claiming they are “prejudicial to sovereignty and integrity of India, defence of India, security of state and public order.”

Banned to be used both on mobile and non-mobile Internet-enabled devices, the apps have become a household name in India. Aakriti Juyal, a content creator on TicTok which has about 119 million active users in India tells EurAsian Times that “This is absolutely against individuals like us who solely depend on these apps. The government must look for better solutions for the issue.”

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The move comes a day after Prime Minister Narendra Modi said India has given a “befitting response” to China. He also spoke of the countrywide call for the boycott of Chinese goods, juxtaposing it against the government’s “Atma Nirbhar Bharat” campaign. “We will buy local and be vocal for local and this will help India become stronger,” he said.

The move by the Indian government comes weeks after the deathly clash between Indian and Chinese troops at Ladakh’s Galwan Valley. The brawl that killed 20 Indian soldiers and injured more than 70 had led to anti-China sentiments in the country.

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The Indian countrymen stood up in nationalistic fervour against China by launching a campaign to boycott Chinese products. Indian netizens trended hashtags like #HindiCheeniByeBye, #MadeInIndia and #BharatVsChina on Twitter and made repetitive calls for the absolute boycott of Chinese goods and rather opt for domestic brands.

Previously, China has warned India of repercussions in business and has threatened the possibility of being replaced by other Southeast Asian markets “if the boiling nationalist sentiment continues unchecked in India”.

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Here is the full list of Chinese apps that have been banned in India

1. TikTok
2. Shareit
3. Kwai
4. UC Browser
5. Baidu map
6. Shein
7. Clash of Kings
8. DU battery saver
9. Helo
10. Likee
11. YouCam makeup
12. Mi Community
13. CM Browers
14. Virus Cleaner
15. APUS Browser
16. ROMWE
17. Club Factory
18. Newsdog
19. Beutry Plus
20. WeChat
21. UC News
22. QQ Mail
23. Weibo
24. Xender
25. QQ Music
26. QQ Newsfeed
27. Bigo Live
28. SelfieCity
29. Mail Master
30. Parallel Space
31. Mi Video Call — Xiaomi
32. WeSync
33. ES File Explorer
34. Viva Video — QU Video Inc
35. Meitu
36. Vigo Video
37. New Video Status
38. DU Recorder
39. Vault- Hide
40. Cache Cleaner DU App studio
41. DU Cleaner
42. DU Browser
43. Hago Play With New Friends
44. Cam Scanner
45. Clean Master – Cheetah Mobile
46. Wonder Camera
47. Photo Wonder
48. QQ Player
49. We Meet
50. Sweet Selfie
51. Baidu Translate
52. Vmate
53. QQ International
54. QQ Security Center
55. QQ Launcher
56. U Video
57. V fly Status Video
58. Mobile Legends
59. DU Privacy

Earlier, Chinese state media had stated – cutting economic ties with China is not easy. And, Chinese enterprises that have investments in or intend to explore the Indian market should be very cautious of erratic nationalism, and carry out a comprehensive assessment before putting their investments in the country. The same scenario also applies to foreign investments from other countries or regions if they cannot guarantee a permanent amicable relationship with India.

Under such circumstances, bilateral trade between China and India is likely to drop one third on a yearly basis in 2020, and could even dive by 50 percent.

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China and India have developed close economic ties in the past years, with both sides maintaining comparative advantages in certain sectors like auto manufacturing, telecommunications and pharmaceuticals. Highly dependent on Chinese supplies, many Indian industries cannot afford an irrational boycott of Chinese components. It would take India years of huge efforts to find a substitute, either by shoring up its own industries or luring investment from other countries.

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Americas

US Strikes A Deal With Indonesia To Relocate Its Companies From China?

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Indonesia has gained from the US-China trade war that has been continuing since last year and dangerously aggravated in the last few months with US President Donald Trump issuing threats to cut “all ties” with China. 

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At a time when the global economy is seeing its darkest hours, the bilateral ties between the two biggest global economic leaders have worsened especially after the outbreak of COVOD-19.

Due to the mounting pressure of the trade war, major companies are relocating from China to other South Asian nations. Indonesia is in talks with the US over possible relocation of such companies.

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“It is clearing up 4,000 hectares of land in Central Java to accommodate US companies planning to relocate from China in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic and an escalating trade war,” a top official said.

“President Jokowi spoke with President Trump. Because he is fighting with China, he wants to relocate his industry (in China), I was asked by the president to speak later with President Trump’s aides,” said Luhut Panjaitan, Indonesia’s coordinating minister for maritime affairs and investment.

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Even though Indonesia ranks higher than rival Vietnam in the United Nation’s Competitive Industrial Performance Index, however, the Foreign Direct Investment in Indonesia is low, with just 1.8% of the country’s gross domestic product in 2018.

Indonesia is facing competition from Vietnam, Malaysia and Cambodia. “Businesses are moving out of China, but are not coming to Indonesia because Indonesia’s neighbours are more welcoming,” said the World Bank.

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Out of the 33 companies that relocated from China last year till October, 23 moved to Vietnam while the rest relocated to Malaysia, Thailand and Cambodia.

“In Vietnam, the government can provide you with the land and guarantee a lot of things to be expedited,” said Yulius Yulius, managing director and senior partner at Boston Consulting Group’s Jakarta office. US tech giants Microsoft and Google have decided to relocate production from China to Vietnam and Thailand.

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With the number of Covid-19 cases spurring, Indonesia saw 25,773 confirmed cases from 9,771 in the month of May, while Vietnam saw a small rise to 328 cases from 270 over the same period with no deaths reported from Coronavirus.

“At the end of the day, if infections are happening in the factory… that will have a big impact. [Countries] need to also communicate and have a plan on how to deal not only with the current situation but how to prepare for a potential next wave or the next type of virus that will happen,” Yulius said.

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He further added that the pandemic is likely to have investors examining the government’s readiness and response when assessing relocation options.

Indonesian President Joko Widodo had proposed a change to the country’s rigid labour laws but the outbreak of the Covid-19 had put the deliberations in the parliament to rest.

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“The president’s vision of improving human capital and simplifying permits and regulation must be realized, [and be] more than just a plan and promises,” said Sanny Iskandar, chairman of the Indonesia Industrial Estate Association. “The promised economic reform packages ended up unclear, and that’s disappointing to the investors as well as businessmen,” he added.

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