How is the Shia-Sunni Conflict linked to the Islamic Radicalisation in India? Religious extremism is the foundation of global terrorism and with India becoming the crux for extremism between Iran’s Shia community and the spread of Wahhabism by Saudi Arabia, this may see a new wave of Islamic Radicalisation in India? This is how Israeli Paper Haaretz explains it.
Smaller cities have started showing signs of Islamic Radicalisation in India with radical Muslim groups and moderate groups turning to violence. Youth from Kerala, Karnataka, Jaipur, Ajmer and many more have reached Syria to be a part of the ISIS. Rajasthan has sprung with mosques funded by foreign groups and there is an underlying wave of Islamic Radicalisation in India.
Islamic Radicalisation in India
India has a large Muslim community that has resisted against the ideology of Jihad. However, in recent times there has been a spread of radical jihadi ideology giving way to Islamic Radicalisation in India to creep into the Sufi based Barelvi traditions. Although in the past 4 years only 75 Indians have become a part of the ISIS.
However, with the increase in Saudi-funded Wahhabism, a deeper Islamic Radicalisation in India is seeping into the otherwise liberal community. India thus needs to understand the root and invest more resources to study this change of radical ideologies and at the same time build counter-radical measures.
The Barelvi Islamic traditions have over two hundred million followers across South Asia who believe in personal devotion to the Prophet and is distinct because of the multicultural influences that have shaped it. Other Islamic communities consider the Barelvi tradition ‘impure’ and contaminated by alien practices.
Islamic Radicalisation in India: Iran vs Saudi Arabia
All religions have evolved and reformed, however, Islam has always been focused on regaining the authentic purity and orthodox beliefs of Islam. Deobandism, a school of Islamic thought, came to India in 1867. According to their belief western culture has deteriorated the Muslim communities and that Islam must be the point of loyalty for Muslims.
Indian intellectuals believe that the biggest threat is the outsider community; the Wahhabi Muslims, that are funded by Saudi Arabia. According to reports, Saudi is concerned about the growing Shia influence in India. As a countermeasure, Saudi Arabia has been spreading Islamic Radicalisation in India and Promoting Wahhabism culture. The spread can be seen the most in Kerala, where Arabization is noticeable in language, eating habits, dressing, beliefs and other significant forms amongst the Muslim communities.