Monday, January 25, 2021

Nuclear Security Index Ranks Australia The Best, Pakistan Most Improved In Protecting Nuclear Materials

According to the Nuclear Security Index for 2020 published by US-based Nuclear Threat Initiative – “progress on protecting nuclear materials against theft and nuclear facilities against acts of sabotage has slowed significantly over the past two years”.

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While the US non-proliferation watchdog Nuclear Threat Initiative has found that progress on global security has stalled considerably, Pakistan has been ranked as the most improved country in its overall score after it adopted “new on-site physical protection and cybersecurity regulations and improving insider threat protection measures”.

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Pakistan Ambassador to the US – welcomed the report. We welcome that @NTI_WMD categorizes Pakistan as the most improved country for nuclear security measures in its Nuclear Security Index 2020. Pakistan’s improvement is also the second-largest ever by a country since the #NTIIndex was launched in 2012.

Among countries with weapons-usable nuclear materials, Australia ranks at the top for the fifth time. It also ranks first in the sabotage ranking for the third time. Despite its repeated position at the top of the table, Australia continues to better its score, improving by +1 in both rankings, according to the report.

Among countries with weapons-usable nuclear materials, Canada and Switzerland tie for second, Germany is fourth, and the Netherlands and Norway tie for fifth.

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Among countries with nuclear facilities in the sabotage ranking, Canada, Finland, and the UK rank second, third, and fourth, respectively, and Germany and Hungary are tied for fifth.

New Zealand and Sweden tie for first in the theft ranking for countries without weapon-usable nuclear materials, followed by Finland (third), Denmark and South Korea (tied for fourth), and Hungary and Spain (tied for sixth).

Pakistan was the most improved country in the theft ranking for countries with weapons-usable nuclear materials, improving its overall score by 7 points.

  • The majority of Pakistan’s improvements are in the Security and Control Measures category (+25) because of its passage of new regulations. Pakistan also improved in the Global Norms category (+1).
  • Pakistan’s improvements in the Security and Control Measures category are significant because strengthened laws and regulations result in durable boosts in Pakistan’s score as well as provide sustainable security benefits.
  • Pakistan has steadily improved in the Security and Control Measures category over time with the passage of new regulations, improving by +8 in 2014, +2 in 2016, and +6 in 2018. Its score in 2014 improved owing to new regulations for on-site physical protection. In 2016, it passed new cybersecurity regulations. In 2018, it improved its insider threat protections. Its newest regulations mark a much larger shift. Compared with other countries’ score improvements in the Security and Control Measures category, Pakistan’s increase of +25 is the second-largest improvement of any country since the Index first launched in 2012.

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