Pakistan Chief Justice reminded the country of two biggest tragedies that struck the Islamic Republic – the fall of Dhaka and the Army Public School (APS) massacre while talking to a private News channel.
“Both these tragic events have some lessons for us,” Chief Justice Asif Saeed Khosa said and highlighted that the APS massacre jolted the entire country and led the nation to look into the approaches that were being used by the state. “That [APS massacre] was the incident we realised enough is enough,” he said, adding that the carnage also led to the development of National Action Plan against terrorism.
On the fall of Dhaka, the CJP said, “If the state starts asserting itself too much then people break away from the social contract.” He explained how the collapse in former East Pakistan proved the point of the state honouring its social contract with citizens.
“When the state starts neglecting the basic rights of its citizens, that contract is broken. This is what happened when Bangladesh came into being,” he said.
Fall Of Dhaka
December 16 is a tragic day for Pakistan. On this day 47 years ago, Pakistan lost half its country, its forces in the East, and had to publicly surrender to India. It was also the largest military surrender after World War II.
The war ended after the chief of the Pakistani forces, General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, along with 93,000 troops, surrendered to the joint forces of Indian Army and Bangladesh’s Mukti Bahini.
General A A K Niazi signed the Instrument of Surrender on 16 December 1971 in Dhaka, marking the formation of East Pakistan as the new nation of Bangladesh. Pakistan also lost half of its territory with the birth of Bangladesh.
The ghastly APS massacre was carried out On 16 December 2014 when six gunmen linked with the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)attacked the Army Public School in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar.
The TTP militants entered the school and opened fire on school staff and children killing 149 people including 132 schoolchildren, ranging between eight and eighteen years of age making it the world’s fourth deadliest school massacre.