Saturday, January 16, 2021

Why is Iran’s Space Program a Big Threat to the United States?

Iran will continue to develop its space program despite US apprehensions and warnings. This was stated by Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif who emphasized that there is no international law which could stop Tehran from pursuing the space program. 

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Zarif stated that leaving a 2015 nuclear deal agreed with world powers was an option available with Iran but was not the only option on the table. Zarif’s remarks came in reaction to warnings by the US officials Iran’s continuing with space rocket launches that Washington claims would violate a UN Security Council resolution because they use ballistic missile technology.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo warned Iran last week to abandon its plans for satellite launches that the US claims involve technology that could be used in intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of reaching the US mainland.

Iranian Minister of Information and Communications Technology Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi said that Iran would ask no one’s permission to develop its peaceful aerospace program. “Iran will ask no one’s permission to develop its peaceful aerospace industries and will firmly proceed with its plans,” he said.

Iran launched its first locally-built satellite, Omid in 2009. Tehran also sent its first bio-capsule containing living creatures into space in February 2010, using Kavoshgar (Explorer)-3 carrier. In February 2015, Iran placed its domestically-made Fajr satellite into orbit, which is capable of taking and transmitting high-quality and accurate pictures to stations on Earth.

Pompeo’s invocation of the resolution seems awkward, as President Donald Trump withdrew the US from the agreement in May 2017 and then in early November reinstated sanctions that had been lifted under the deal.

Iran says the US is now in violation of the Security Council resolution it voted for, while the International Atomic Energy Agency has consistently found Iran has been meeting its commitments.

Resolution 2231 was adopted by the UNSC in July 2015 to endorse the JCPOA. The document terminated the provisions of previous UNSC resolutions against Iran, some of which had imposed restrictions on Iranian missile activities. Such activities are not prohibited under Resolution 2231, which merely calls on Iran “to refrain from any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons.” Iran says neither its space program nor its missile launches are banned by Resolution 2231.

More News at EurAsian Times

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