South Asian Nations – India, Pakistan and Afghanistan are among the hardest hit countries by terror attacks according to the data released by the US Department of state. India is the third largest victim of terror attacks globally after Iraq and Afghanistan. The Maoists, which is the fourth deadliest terror group after Islamic State, Taliban and Al-Shabaab, has carried out 53% of the total attacks in India.
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Till 2015, Pakistan was the third most affected nation in the world. The national consortium for the study of terrorism and responses to terrorism, limited by the US Department of state, has claimed that Jammu and Kashmir witnessed a 24 per cent jump in terror attacks in 2017 and an 89 per cent surge in the number of people killed in those attacks. Out of a total 860 terror attacks across India in 2017, 25 per cent were reported from J&K alone.
Indian officials said that there is a vast difference between terrorism in Pakistan and India. “Here in India, most of the terror activities are either sponsored by or emanating from the soil of Pakistan and its agencies and military are allowing it. On the other hand, Pakistan is now facing the attacks from terror groups it harboured and raised for decades,” an official said.
Terming Maoists as the fourth deadliest terror group in the world, the study by the US think tank has stated that it was responsible for 53 per cent attacks in India last year.
“The frequency of terrorist violence by Maoist extremists in India declined between 2016 and 2017 with respect to number of attacks (from 338 in 2016 to 295 in 2017); however, the number of people killed increased 16 per cent, and the number of people injured increased 50 per cent,” the study report said.
While Maoists were indulged in 295 total attacks in India, only global outfits ahead of them are Al-Shabaab with 353 attacks, Taliban with 703 attacks and Islamic State with 857 attacks.