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Why is China so Disturbed with THAAD Missiles?

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The US Army’s Terminal High-Altitude Area Defence or THAAD system which has been deployed in South Korea is considered as one of the most advanced missile interceptors in the world, devised to shoot down any incoming hostile ballistic missiles.

On December 13, Moon Jae-in will pay an official visit to China for the first time. Moreover, in September, due to the deployment of THAAD in South Korea, Chinese citizens boycotted South Korean goods which created animosity between Beijing and Seoul. The significance of the visit of the head of the South Korea to the PRC and the state of relations between the two countries is analyzed by EurAsian Times.

Why is THAAD a Problem for China?

Perhaps the most important political event of 2017 in the Republic of Korea was the election of a new president from the Democratic Party. Traditionally, South Korean democrats are characterized by a milder and more flexible approach to relations with their neighbors – especially China and North Korea.

So, during the campaign, South Korean President Mun Zhe promised to go to Pyongyang in a state visit, as well as “enter into negotiations” with the PRC and the US on the deployment of elements of the US missile defense system THAAD in the country.

US-South Korea Naval Exercise Perturbs North Korea

On the day the president took office, with victory in the election, he was congratulated by President Xi Jinping. “We need to strive for the rapprochement of common positions, settle mutual tensions, I hope Seoul will pay attention to Beijing’s considerable concern,” Xi Jinping told Central Television of China.

“Concerns” about which the PRC President spoke, lies in the fact that the US missile defense system THAAD, deployed in South Korea in response to nuclear and ballistic tests in the DPRK, may represent a “threat to China’s national security”.

In June, Moon Zhe-in suspended the THAAD deployment before the completion of a full-fledged “environmental assessment”, but a couple of days after the underground nuclear test in North Korea took “a difficult but unavoidable decision”, the mobile THAAD launchers were transferred from warehouses to a new military base south of Seoul.

Chinese Proposal to South Korea for Removal of THAAD

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China reacted to the actions of South Korea and later in November Beijing and Seoul decided for rapprochement policy.

“Both sides share the view that strengthening of exchange and cooperation between South Korea and China serves their common interests, and agreed to promptly return exchange and cooperation in all areas to a normal development path,” the MFA of South Korea said. A similar message was published by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China.

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After these statements, Xi Jinping and Mun Zhe-in met in Vietnam, on the sidelines of the APEC summit. There, the Chinese leader called on Seoul to take a decision of removal of THAAD from South Korea. A month after the meeting in Vietnam, the PRC President invited Mun Zhe-in to visit China.

Foreign Ministry Spokesman Geng Shuang said that the meeting of the two heads of state in the Chinese capital “will play a positive role in deepening and developing relations between China and the Republic of Korea, and will strengthen contacts and coordination of the two sides on the nuclear issue of the Korean peninsula and other issues.”

It is noteworthy that neither side mentioned in the official reports the topic of THAAD deployment. But it will certainly come about, says the head of the Institute of International Politics of the Yanbian University in his article posted in the Chinese newspaper China Daily.

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“China and South Korea should address the THAAD issue in order to reflect on bilateral relations.The THAAD system poses a threat to China’s security and jeopardizes the position of the Republic of Korea in resolving the nuclear issue of the Korean peninsula. But as the US benefits from the dispute between China and South Korea- they can to use this support to strengthen their alliances with the South Korea and Japan and thus increase their influence on the peninsula, according to the Chinese experts.

While China is concerned about THAAD, South Korea, on the other hand, is more anxious about trade and economy.

According to the South Korean Experts, Beijing and Seoul need to restore the “strategic” economic partnership and consider the possibility of backing the Chinese initiative “One Belt – One Road”.

China trying to Convince India to Join CPEC

In 2017, the boycott of goods and services of South Korean companies in China caused a significant loss of trade. Corporations with headquarters in Seoul want the Chinese to buy more South Korean cars and gadgets. Mun Zhe-in understands the needs of the business, but what concessions is he expected in return for Xi Jinping – is still unknown.

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Indian Rafale Jets Would Have Been Useless Against Chinese Airforce – Russia Experts

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Rafale jets would have been useless against the Chinese Airforce (PLAAF) – Russian aviation experts have claimed. Rafale fighter jets belong to the 4 ++ generation would not have been of much use had an aerial conflict broken out in Ladakh again the PLAAF.

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As reported by EurAsian Times, India and China had been engaged in a brutal conflict in the Himalayan region of Ladakh. Troops of both countries have exchanged blows and even lost soldiers in the conflict that began more than a month ago.

Keeping in mind the situation in Ladakh, France said that it would accelerate the delivery of Rafale fighter jets to India. Aviation experts believe that the arrival of Rafale fighter jets will significantly boost the combat capability of the Indian Air Force (IAF). However, according to Russian experts, who did not wish to be named, the French fighter would not help India much incase the conflict turns hot.

The astronomical cost of Rafale fighter jets is one of the reasons the French 4++ fighter jet would not help India. In the deal struck with Paris, New Delhi agreed to purchase 36 Rafale Jets. The total cost of the deal was an estimated Rs 59,000 crore with each jet costing around Rs 1,646 crore.

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The cost of a Rafale is about three times higher than the Chinese J-20 stealth fighter jets. In other words, for 36 French-made Rafale fighters that will appear in the Indian Air Force, China can respond with three times as many of its fifth-generation J-20 fighters – for the same money.

Even if, in some ways, the characteristics of the Chinese combat aircraft lag behind the French 4 ++ fighter jet, then the Indian air force could get overwhelmed by what is called “capable of crushing by quantity”.

And the cost is not the only reason why Rafale jets would not help India much. Compared to another Chinese jet – J-16 (an analogue of the Russian Su-35) which Beijing is also using in its airforce, the Rafale jets will find it extremely challenging to outgun the Russian Su-35s operated by the Chinese.

The maximum speed of the Rafale jet is about Mach 1.8 and the J-16 is Mach 2.2. The Rafale’s practical ceiling is also lower than the J-16s. Even in engine thrust, the Chinese J-16s aka Russian Su-35s are far superior to the French combat aircraft.

Even if the IAF was to deploy all 36 of its newly acquired jets, the technical superiority would still be on the side of China, claims the Russian expert.

China Fighting India With ‘Sticks & Stones’ Cheaper, But Confronting The US Can Bankrupt China: Experts

The IAF has been on high alert in Ladakh and is closely monitoring all Chinese activity near the Line of Control.  As reported by EurAsian Times, New Delhi has inked a deal with Moscow to buy 33 new fighter aircraft including 12 Su-30MKIs and 21 MiG-29s along with up-gradation of 59 MiG-29s. The addition and up-gradation of jets have been approved to strengthen India’s air power.

The air defence systems of both the Indian Army and the IAF have been deployed in Ladakh to prevent any misadventure by the Chinese Air Force fighter jets or the People’s Liberation Army choppers there.

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China Fighting India With ‘Sticks & Stones’ Cheaper, But Confronting The US Can Bankrupt China: Experts

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The news of relentless India-China border tensions and all other dispute that China has with its neighbours like Taiwan, Japan, ASEAN nations has got the world standing against Beijing, including the US.

US-China Tensions: US Wants India To ‘Match Its Weight By Actions’ In The South China Sea – Experts

In the east, across the pacific is the raging US-China confrontation. Tensions are running high close to home in Taiwan as the Chinese are stepping up the military action around the region. Muscle flexing in the South China Sea has been ongoing for a while now and tensions are high in Hong Kong, the semi-autonomous region, over the new national security law, confronting Japan over disputed islands and the frequent border skirmishes with India – all of it while fighting the coronavirus outbreak.

According to experts, China’s superpower dreams might not become a reality especially with its ongoing conflict with a global superpower, the US.

“Fighting India with sticks and stones on the high plateau of Ladakh comes cheap, but preparing to confront the United States in the Western Pacific is a very expensive proposition indeed,” wrote Salvatore Babones, an adjunct scholar at the Centre for Independent Studies in Sydney.

“It is likely to prove a luxury that a slow-growth, post-coronavirus China will not be able to afford. China makes a great show of its wealth and its willingness to spend it. In reality, Beijing’s bank balance doesn’t match its bling,” he added.

China’s economic growth had slowed down even before the coronavirus outbreak. China reported the weakest numbers for 2019, in the last 30 years in the wake of the US-China trade war. China’s growth slowed to 6.1% last year, from 6.6% in 2018, according to the official data.

However, Brooking institution suggests that China overestimated Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth by an average of 1.7 percent per year.

“The United States famously spends more on defence than the next 10 countries combined, yet the notion persists that its military is still underfunded and underequipped for its global superpower role,” stated Babones.

He further explained that if the experts are to be believed, the United States will lose its competitive edge without more investment in university research, advanced technologies, foreign aid, diplomacy, the United Nations, clean energy, and, of course, pandemic preparedness.

“The US—with an economy roughly 50 per cent larger than China’s and a GDP per capita more than six times as great—can’t afford to remain a global superpower, how can China possibly afford to become one?” he asked.

Analyses from the Center for Strategic and International Studies suggest that Chinese defence spending may actually fall in real terms in 2020. Given China’s elevated pace of military operations on several borders, spending constraints must be putting pressure on acquisitions budgets.

“China is believed to have built only 50 or so J-20 fifth-generation stealth fighters. The J-20 program now seems to be experiencing serious development problems, limiting production for the foreseeable future. This compares to America’s stock of 195 F-22 and 134 F-35 fifth-generation fighters, with continuing annual production of more than 100 F-35s, even after coronavirus delays,” explained the author.

The author concluded by saying that China’s leaders can at least save face by abandoning their GDP targets and blaming the virus for the inevitable austerity to follow. He predicted that when the coronavirus crisis is over, the US will still be a global superpower while China’s dreams might still remain far fetched.

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Americas

US-China Tensions: US Wants India To ‘Match Its Weight By Actions’ In The South China Sea – Experts

Tensions between the US and China increased when the US deployed two aircraft carriers in the South China Sea with a clear message to Beijing that it doesn’t welcome China’s belligerence in the region.

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Amid inflating tension between the US and China, the US administration is keen that India should play a vital role in the South China Sea and match its weight by actions.

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Recently, the US deployed two aircraft carriers in the South China Sea with a clear message to Beijing that it doesn’t welcome China’s belligerence with its neighbours and increasing the regional tensions.

Chinese Foreign Ministry, in response, accused the US of deliberately sending its ships to the South China Sea so that it can demonstrate its strength and accused the US of trying to create a rift between the regional countries.

China Fighting India With ‘Sticks & Stones’ Cheaper, But Confronting The US Can Bankrupt China: Experts

This is not the first time that the US and China have been engaged in muscle-flexing in the region. Experts say that the situation is slightly different this time as the coronavirus epidemic has drastically increased tension between the two nations.

The South China Sea which lies between Indonesia and Vietnam is spread over about 3.5 million square kilometers. China, Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Taiwan and Brunei have claims over the waters which is believed to be high on natural resources.

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After the vicious India-China border dispute, there have been talks that India could play an active role in the South China Sea. India considers the South China Sea as a neutral place and believes that this neutrality should be maintained as these waters do not belong to any particular country.

Experts believe that India has come close to the US due to degenerating ties with China, but it is not correct to assume that India will play a very big role in the South China Sea. Experts say that – the US views India as a massive regional force and wants New Delhi to challenge the Chinese aggressively, something the Indian government is not too interested in.

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Experts recall that when Obama came to India in 2015, New Delhi said that it was committed to maintaining peace and stability in the South China Sea and Beijing was quick to denounce the Indian statement.

After that, India never directly mentioned the issue by taking the name of China. On various occasions, India has talked about China’s expansionism but without naming it directly, which clearly suggests that New Delhi does not want to offend Beijing.

Russian Technicians Keeping INS Vikramaditya Battle Ready Amid Flaring Regional Tensions

Recently as EurAsian Times reported, India permitted Australia to join the annual trilateral Malabar naval exercise involving India-Japan-USA. With Australia joining in, this could cement the QUAD alliance which Beijing considers as an anti-China grouping.

The decision to allow Australia to be a part of exercise comes at the heels of Chinese hostility in Galwan Valley, South China Sea (SCS) and the Strait of Taiwan. According to experts, the addition of Australia could re-activate the Quadrilateral Alliance (QUAD) between Australia, India, Japan and the US, which New Delhi had been avoiding so far.

OpED By Nitin J Ticku. Views Personal

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