Nipah Virus Spreads in India – but what are its causes, symptoms and treatment? The state of Kerala, in southern India, is on high alert due to deaths caused by Nipah Virus Outbreak, especially after the death of a doctor treating a Nipah Virus patient. How did Nipah Virus spread in India and what can the authorities do to control it from further spreading?
As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), Nipah Virus is an emerging zoonosis that causes a perilous condition in both animals and humans. This virus was first identified in Malaysia and Singapore in 1998, but that time, it was predominantly caused in pigs and then got transmitted to humans. People working in close proximity with animals are especially at risk.
Nipah Virus Symptoms
According to experts, Nipah Virus is an airborne transmission infection and can spread quickly who come in direct contact with contaminated bodies. The Virus has earned its dreadful notoriety and may kill between 40 to 100% of those affected. The early symptoms of Nipah Virus are mostly non-specific and can be really confusing to detect at an early stage.
Nipah Virus can spread fast and impact both the respiratory and neurological systems. The lungs may be affected and patients may experience severe breathlessness. Due to prolonged breathlessness, patients may suffer from encephalitis – which is an inflammation of the brain and patients can also slip into a coma.
Nipah Virus Treatment
There is no conclusive treatment plan so far for Nipah Virus apart from critical care. Critical care means that the patients may need to be stringently monitored and hospitalized. Doctors may have to provide respiratory support to the patients and in case of emergencies shifted on the ventilator. As of now, there is no vaccine for the treatment of Nipah Virus.